During the time of an epidemic, people can easily get scared and think getting sick is unavoidable or take on any drastic measure to save themselves. The important thing is to research what experts say and find what different sources agree on to keep you safe.
We at Bright Side want to help you keep healthy during time of health crisis so we’re sharing ways to keep healthy during an epidemic.
1. Keep sick family members at home.
One reason people tend to get sick during the winter months is likely because the cold weather often forces people together in enclosed spaces, making it easier for illnesses to spread. Knowing this, if you or a loved one is already showing signs of illness, avoid going out in public. In more severe cases, sick people might be placed under quarantine or isolation.
2. Medicate before symptoms occur.
For people who already take medication for asthma or allergies, it might be a good idea to talk to their doctor about a pre-medication plan, in which they treat symptoms before they occur, to help prevent the risk of illness.
3. Sanitize items that are regularly used.
Just as people should avoid going out in public when getting sick, it can be equally as important for people who are currently in good health to avoid close contact with people who are showing visible symptoms. Likewise, you should regularly sanitize frequently touched items in your home or place of business, this way you can avoid indirect contact with a sick person.
4. Cook meat and eggs properly.
Food can contain poisonous bacteria and can get people sick either by eating it or from just touching it. Most foods, especially meat, poultry, fish and eggs, need to be cooked properly to kill this bacteria. Normally, food needs to be cooked at around 167°F (75°C) or hotter and should be at least 140°F (60°C) when eaten.
5. Avoid contact with wild or farm animals.
Various animals can carry harmful germs that can cause a variety of illnesses in people. Known as zoonotic diseases, they can be spread by touch, bite, or even by inhabiting the same area as an animal. Farm animals, as well as wild animals, can be dangerous to humans, especially during an epidemic. Whenever possible, avoid these animals. If coming into contact with them is unavoidable, it’s best to wash and sanitize your hands after dealing with them, their supplies, or the areas where they live.
6. Clean towels immediately.
People can get into the habit of reusing the same towel or washcloth to cut back on laundry, but that’s not always safe. Towels can be a breeding ground for germs, especially when sick people are using them. It’s important for people to clean and replace the towels in their shared living spaces, like in kitchens or in bathrooms.
7. Stay hydrated.
When you are feeling unwell, your body starts using more fluids than usual, so you can become dehydrated without even realizing it. Drink around 8 cups of fluids a day, like water, broth, fruit juice, milk, or decaf coffee. Added to that, you can also suck on ice cubes, ice popsicles, or use a humidifier. Avoid sugary or caffeinated drinks.