In the list of the world’s best diets, there is the DASH diet that has been the best for a number of years. Doctors say that it’s the most effective diet that can strengthen one’s health. According to the doctors of the National Institutes of Health, the DASH diet scores 3.3 points out of 5 in the “Weight Loss Effectiveness” category and 4.5 points out of 5 in the “Health Usefulness” category.
Bright Side found out the features of this diet and why it’s considered to be one of the best.
What is the DASH diet?
DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) is a diet developed specially for blood pressure reduction when a person experiences hypertension.
But later, scientists understood that this diet resolves many other important problems: cholesterol level reduction, stroke and heart failure prevention, and weight normalization. What is more, this diet is the best diet to prevent diabetes.
What’s the concept of the DASH diet?
All of the necessary components (calcium, proteins, vegetable fiber) that are responsible for the functioning of the brain and the internal organs, as well as hair and skin health, are balanced in this diet.
It’s also convenient because you don’t have to calculate and monitor each component: you just need to eat certain recommended products (fruit, vegetables, grain products, protein-containing foods, and dairy products) and reduce the quantity of salt in dishes.
The main feature of the DASH diet in comparison with other diets is that it was developed for people who have to take care of their diet throughout their lives. That’s why you don’t need to put up with hunger: you can afford various and tasty dishes. You just need to keep in mind several basic rules.
It’s not about the quantity of the food as much as it is about its quality. Here are some main principles you should follow:
- Drink 2 liters (67 fl oz) of fluid per day.
- Eat 5 times per day. One serving’s weight should be no more than 215 g (8.80 oz).
- Daily calorie intake: around 2,000-2,500 kcal.
- Sweets: no more than 5 times a week.
- Try to eat more cereals, seeds, beans, lean meat, and vegetables.
- You should avoid drinking soda or alcohol.
- You can have no more than 8 snacks per day (in addition to basic meals.) But have a bite only if you’re really hungry.
- Alcohol and tobacco are prohibited.
- Reduce salt and consume up to 2-3 tsp per day.
- Your diet should include whole wheat bread.
- Exclude smoked or fatty foods, pickles, pastry, canned fish, and meat.
What you can eat:
According to the DASH diet, to form a proper diet you should mind your goals: whether you want to lose weight or to become healthier. If you want to lose some weight, your menu should contain fewer calories. In other words, you need to reduce the servings.
Your daily diet may contain the following products:
- Cereals: no less than 7 servings per day (one serving = a slice of bread, 1/2 cup of cooked pasta, 1/2 cup of porridge.)
- Fruit: not more than 5 servings per day (one serving = 1 fruit, 1/4 cup of dried fruit, 1/2 cup of juice.)
- Vegetables: 5 servings per day (one serving = 1/2 cup of boiled vegetables.)
- Non-fat dairy products: 2-3 servings per day (one serving = 50 g (1.80 oz) of cheese or 0.15 liters (5 fl oz) of milk.)
- Seeds, beans, nuts: 5 servings a week (one serving = 40 g (1.40 oz.)
- Animal and vegetable fats: 3 servings per day (one serving = 1 tsp of olive or linseed oil.)
- Sweet dishes: no more than 5 times a week (one tsp of honey or jam.)
- Fluids: 2 liters (67 fl oz) per day (water, green tea, juice.)
- Protein: 0.2 kg (7 oz) of lean meat or fish, eggs.